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Environmental Justice Atlas

Welcome to Environmental Justice Atlas

The EJ Atlas is a teaching, networking and advocacy resource. Strategists, activist organizers, scholars, and teachers will find many uses for the database, as well as citizens wanting to learn more about the often invisible conflicts taking place.

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Mineral Ores and Building Extractions
Waste Management
Biomass and Land Conflicts
Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice
Water Management
Infrastructure and Built Environment
Tourism Recreation
Biodiversity Conservation Conflicts
Industrial and Utilities Conflicts


    Success Level

    • Success
    • Not sure
    • Failure

    Population Type

    • Unknown
    • Urban
    • Semi-urban
    • Rural



      • Arabian Peninsula
      • Arctic
      • Australia + New Zealand
      • Caribbean
      • Central Africa
      • Central Asia
      • Central Europe
      • Eastern Africa
      • Eastern Europe
      • Mashriq
      • Meso America
      • North America
      • North East Asia
      • Northern Africa
      • South America
      • South Asia
      • South East Asia
      • Southern Africa
      • South Pacific
      • Western Africa
      • Western Europe
      • Western Indian Ocean


      • Biodiversity conservation conflicts
      • Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
      • Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
      • Industrial and Utilities conflicts
      • Infrastructure and Built Environment
      • Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
      • Nuclear
      • Other
      • Tourism Recreation
      • Waste Management
      • Water Management


      • Agro-fuels and biomass energy plants
      • Agro-toxics
      • Aquaculture and fisheries
      • Biopiracy and bio-prospection
      • Building materials extraction (quarries, sand, gravel)
      • Chemical industries
      • Climate change related conflicts (glaciers and small islands)
      • Coal extraction and processing
      • Dams and water distribution conflicts
      • Deforestation
      • Desalination
      • Establishment of reserves/national parks
      • E-waste and other waste import zones
      • Gas flaring
      • Geothermal energy installations
      • GMOs
      • Incinerators
      • Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
      • Interbasin water transfers/transboundary water conflicts
      • Invasive species
      • Land acquisition conflicts
      • Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
      • Logging and non timber extraction
      • Manufacturing activities
      • Mega-project solar plants
      • Metal refineries
      • Military installations
      • Mineral ore exploration
      • Mineral processing
      • Nuclear power plants
      • Nuclear waste storage
      • Oil and gas exploration and extraction
      • Oil and gas refining
      • Other
      • Other industries
      • Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
      • Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
      • Ports and airport projects
      • REDD/CDM
      • Shale gas fracking
      • Ship-breaking yards
      • Tailings from mines
      • Thermal power plants
      • Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
      • Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
      • Uranium extraction
      • Urban development conflicts
      • Waste privatisation conflicts / waste-picker access to waste
      • Water access rights and entitlements
      • Water treatment and access to sanitation (access to sewage)
      • Wetlands and coastal zone management
      • Windmills

      Other Types


        • Aluminum/Bauxite
        • Asbestos
        • Asphalt
        • Biological resources
        • Carbon offsets
        • Cellulose
        • Cement
        • Charcoal
        • Chemical products
        • Coal
        • Coffee
        • Copper
        • Corn/Maize
        • Cotton
        • Crude oil
        • Cut flowers
        • Diamonds
        • Domestic municipal waste
        • Ecosystem Services
        • Electricity
        • Ethanol
        • Eucalyptus
        • E-waste
        • Fish
        • Fruits and Vegetables
        • Gold
        • Industrial waste
        • Iron ore
        • Jatropha
        • Land
        • Lead
        • Lithium
        • Live Animals
        • Manufactured Products
        • Meat
        • Natural Gas
        • Other
        • Palm oil
        • Pesticides
        • Pine
        • Rare metals
        • Recycled Metals
        • Rice
        • Rubber
        • Sand, gravel
        • Shrimps
        • Silver
        • Soybeans
        • Steel
        • Sugar
        • Timber
        • Titanium ores
        • Tourism services
        • Uranium
        • Water
        • Wheat
        • Zinc
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        Level Of Investment

        • Level Of Investment: 0 - 24


          Country Of Company

            Financial Institution

              Government Actors

                Project Details

                  Start Date

                  • Start Date: 1918 - 2018

                  End Date

                  • End Date: 1918 - 2018


                  • HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
                  • LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
                  • LOW (some local organising)
                  • MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
                  • UNKNOWN

                  Reaction Stage

                  • In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
                  • LATENT (no visible resistance)
                  • Mobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
                  • PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
                  • UNKNOWN


                    Mobilizing Groups

                    • Artisanal miners
                    • Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
                    • Farmers
                    • Fisher people
                    • Indigenous groups or traditional communities
                    • Industrial workers
                    • Informal workers
                    • International ejos
                    • Landless peasants
                    • Local ejos
                    • Local government/political parties
                    • Local scientists/professionals
                    • Neighbours/citizens/communities
                    • Other
                    • Pastoralists
                    • Recreational users
                    • Religious groups
                    • Social movements
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                    • Wastepickers, recyclers
                    • Women

                    Mobilizing Forms

                    • Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
                    • Arguments for the rights of mother nature
                    • Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
                    • Blockades
                    • Boycotts of companies-products
                    • Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
                    • Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
                    • Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
                    • Development of alternative proposals
                    • Development of a network/collective action
                    • Hunger strikes and self immolation
                    • Involvement of national and international NGOs
                    • Land occupation
                    • Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
                    • Media based activism/alternative media
                    • Objections to the EIA
                    • Occupation of buildings/public spaces
                    • Official complaint letters and petitions
                    • Other
                    • Property damage/arson
                    • Public campaigns
                    • Referendum other local consultations
                    • Refusal of compensation
                    • Sabotage
                    • Shareholder/financial activism.
                    • Street protest/marches
                    • Strikes
                    • Threats to use arms

                    Env Justice Organizations

                      Environmental Impacts

                      • Air pollution
                      • Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
                      • Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
                      • Desertification/Drought
                      • Fires
                      • Floods (river, coastal, mudflow)
                      • Food insecurity (crop damage)
                      • Genetic contamination
                      • Global warming
                      • Groundwater pollution or depletion
                      • Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
                      • Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
                      • Mine tailing spills
                      • Noise pollution
                      • Oil spills
                      • Other Environmental impacts
                      • Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
                      • Soil contamination
                      • Soil erosion
                      • Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
                      • Waste overflow

                      Health Impacts

                      • Accidents
                      • Deaths
                      • Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
                      • Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
                      • Infectious diseases
                      • Malnutrition
                      • Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
                      • Occupational disease and accidents
                      • Other environmental related diseases
                      • Other Health impacts
                      • Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)

                      Socio Economical Impacts

                      • Displacement
                      • Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
                      • Increase in violence and crime
                      • Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
                      • Land dispossession
                      • Loss of landscape/sense of place
                      • Loss of livelihood
                      • Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
                      • Militarization and increased police presence
                      • Other socio-economic impacts
                      • Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..)
                      • Specific impacts on women
                      • Violations of human rights

                      Suggested Alternatives

                        Project Status

                        • In operation
                        • Planned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
                        • Proposed (exploration phase)
                        • Stopped
                        • Under construction
                        • Unknown


                        • Application of existing regulations
                        • Compensation
                        • Corruption
                        • Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
                        • Court decision (undecided)
                        • Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
                        • Criminalization of activists
                        • Deaths
                        • Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
                        • Fostering a culture of peace
                        • Institutional changes
                        • Land demarcation
                        • Migration/displacement
                        • Moratoria
                        • Negotiated alternative solution
                        • New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
                        • New legislation
                        • Other
                        • Project cancelled
                        • Project temporarily suspended
                        • Repression
                        • Strengthening of participation
                        • Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
                        • Under negotiation
                        • Violent targeting of activists
                        • Withdrawal of company/investment



                            Browse maps
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                            by Company
                            by Commodity
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                            Featured Maps

                            Blockadia: Keep Fossil Fuels in the Ground!

                            On every continent there is an increasing frequency and intensity of resistance movements against fossil fuel projects. These interwoven spaces of resistance are Blockadia, along the chain of extraction, transportation and combustion.
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                            Handbag NICHOLS HARVEY Handbag NICHOLS Grey HARVEY HARVEY NICHOLS Handbag Grey xInCwqaR

                            This map shows European gas resistance in the context of massive proposed new gas infrastructure that would represent a “Fossil Fuel Lock-in” for Europe and massive public spending through the publically supported “Projects of Common Interest” (PCIs).
                            Recently Updated Conflicts

                            Hidroelectricas de Atzala-Coyolapa, Puebla, Mexico

                            Puebla is threatened by mining and dams mostly in indigenous territories. Local residents fear this new hydroelectric "proyecto de muerte" in Sierra Negra may do further damage. There is extreme violence against activists.

                            Women activists in the forefront of resistance against Strongylos mine, South Mathiatis, Cyprus

                            Mathiatis is a small village in the foothills of the Troodos mountain in Cyprus. The project to reopen the Strongylos gold mine has been successfully opposed by the local people and activists.

                            Sentani Airport, Papua, Indonesia

                            Communal landowners from four villages whose land was taken for Sentani Airport disrupted airport operations on several occasions, blocking the runway and taxiway. This action helped secure compensation and recognition of their customary land rights.

                            Ekiti cargo Airport, Nigeria

                            The state government of Ekiti, in western Nigeria, sent in bulldozers to clear farmland for an airport. Affected farmers from five villages fought back, organizing a protest and securing a major court victory which halted the project.

                            Lombok Airport, Indonesia

                            Beginning in the mid-1990s peasant farmers were forcibly evicted to make way for Lombok Airport. In 2005 police fired into a crowd of protesters injuring 33 people. The airport commenced operations in 2011 but disputes over plots of land continue.

                            Land grabbing in Igbin Ojo, where a cargo airport is proposed, Nigeria

                            Villagers are resisting land-grabbing of a large area of farmland, 64,750 hectares, in Igbin Ojo, Ogun State, where a cargo airport is proposed. About 5,000 people from 20 villages could be affected. Farmers have been intimidated, their crops bulldozed.

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                            Product description

                            Item No. 0830102082

                            This backpack from Oakley is great for daily use. Featuring a zip-around fastening and exterior front compartment, this bag is made complete with two padded shoulder straps, a padded compartment and logo detailing on the front.

                            • Backpack
                            • Dimensions (HWD): 41 x 34 x 12cm
                            • One external zip pocket
                            • Zip fastening
                            • Two back straps
                            • 100% polyester